Now we have answered all all unresolved questions. What causes the global warming, what the earth’s climate will be like and whether there are hurricanes and earthquakes is not determined by the sunrays. These tasks are performed by the ions and the electrons of the solar plasma penetrating the Earth’s mantle, i.e. the solar activity. However, it should not be deemed that the Sun takes care of us on its own initiative. Nothing of the kind. The Sun is just a retranslator of plasma ejected in space during the birth of Supernovae. The distances in space are enormous and although the speed of movement of the charged particles is millions of kilometres per hour, there pass tens, even hundreds of thousands of years before they reach some star. During that time, their temperature drops to almost the absolute zero /e.g. -2700С/. The temperature of the Sun’s surface is only 5,5000С, and that is why when the magnetic field of our star captures this stream, it cools it down while going through the photosphere. Thus, blask spots are formed. In fact, from the Earth they look like small spots, but sometimes their sizes are such that one of them could have an area of not less than ten Earth globes.
The processes originating in the solar bowels after they are penetrated by the charged particles are identical to the processes occurring in the Earth’s mantle. The arriving ions join electrons and convert into atoms. The heat released during this process increases the internal temperature of the Sun to millions of degrees, and the pressure of trillions of bars generated by the forming atoms causes ejection of the solar plasma in the interplanetary space. Durng ths time the newly formed atoms are subjected to ionisation, the temperature and the pressure in the Sun’s bowels decrease and it returns to its initial state.
Thus, the number of black spots on the solar surface, their size and time of their stay there determine both the amount of energy obtained from the Sun and the number of charged particles that will be ejected by it in the interplanetary space. Some part of them will be caught by the Earth’s magnetic field. The lack of spots, similarly to what happened during the Maunder minimum, leads to a small ice age. The rise in the number of black spots on the Sun causes climate warming.
Now we can also answer the question why the Sun lacks constancy. Everything is very simple. According to the star classification, the Sun is a “yellow dwarf”. In addition, the solar system is located on the periphery of the galaxy. For this reason, more solid stars pass between the Sun and the remains of Supernovae. It is they that take for them the lion’s share of plasma ejected by the Supernovae. For us remains little or nothing. In principle, as today the orbits of all stars in our galaxy are known, I believe that the making of a long-term forecast for the solar activity and the climate on Earth is not an overly complex task /more details, see my book In the Lead-up to the Global Catastrophe, Sofia, Kameya Design, 2011.