Arguably, the narrow specialisation existing in the world of science does not allow the scientific world to unite in one picture all processes happening in the Earth’s geospheres. And it is crystal clear. All events on Earth happening in the bowels and in the atmosphere of the planet are nothing but side effects of a single process. This is a process of conversion of the protons and alpha-particles ejected during the explosions of Supernovae into hydrogen and helium atoms and their accumulation in the subsoil. However, everyone should be clear that this process could not last forever. At a certain point, as has already happened repeatedly in the history of the Earth, it crust will break and the accumulated hydrogen will be released into space. There, its atoms, after converting to bluish crystals, will join a non-luminescent interstellar nebula, which at some point in time will become the place of birth of a new constellation. This was, and still is, the obligation of all heavenly bodies with magnetic fields.
However, as we have already realised, the deionisation of the atoms releases an enormous amount of heat. The temperature of the core of the planet has reached the Curie point a number of times. The magnetic properties of the core disappeared, and the atom synthesis stopped instantaneously. The average temperature on the Earth dropped to -160С and an ice age began. After the passing of thousands, and sometimes millions of years, the force lines of some of the local magnetic fields of the Sun managed to capture our planet in their embrace. The magnetisation of the core was restored, of course, with a different location of the magnetic poles, and the cycle of generation and accumulation of hydrogen was resumed. To protect the core, a system for its water cooling was created. The formation of water was facilitated by the enormous oxygen content in the minerals of the mantle /about 50%/ and the intense chemical activity of the hydrogen at the moment of its generation, i.e. of the atomic hydrogen.
The cooling system of the core operates in the following manner. The water formed in the mantle accumulates heat while evaporating. Through cracks on the bottom of the ocean, it penetrates its water and heats it, and they in turn heat the air through convective heat exchange. Thus, global climate warming occurs.
The thermal radiation of the ocean is absorbed by the Н2О and СО2 molecules and they export it to the upper limit of the troposphere. However, they cannot return any heat: this is not allowed by the laws of thermodynamics. They are inexorable – all gases absorbing heat expand, and this in turn causes a decrease in their temperature. In the upper layers of the troposphere it drops to -600С. They still contain heat, but they can only transfer it to a colder gas, and such gas is located above, and not below it. If an pbserver looks at our planet from space through infrared glasses, they will be left with the impression that its radius is greater by 8-10 km. Such a great amount of heat is radiated by the Earth’s troposphere.
However, the amount of heat which our planet has to export into space exceeds the radiation capacity of the gases manifold. For this reason, the heat has to be transferred trough another means to the magnetic poles, where there are holes in the Earth’s ozone layer. The transfer of heat to the poles is realised with the help of warm ocean currents, El Niño and the global atmospheric circulation as a whole. Owing to them the moisture, evaporated from the surface of the ocean, is transferred to the magnetic poles. There, it condenses, and the hidden heat from the condensation is radiated in space through the holes in the ozone layer. As a result, the temperature of the air at the upper limit of the troposphere above the poles is higher by 200С than that above the equator.
To export the heat from the subsoil, volcanoes on land are also used in addition to submarine ones. This is what V. I. Vernadsky wrote about them: “The Tambora volcano /1815/ ejected in the atmosphere 1,000 km3 of water, and the Shiveluch volcano in Kamchatka – 4,500 km3 for the time of its existence”. Thus he arrived at the conclusion that the subsoil is actually full not of magma but of common water.
The simple calculations give us the opportunity to understand that at present the Earth’s mantle is penetrated by not less than 150×109 t of protons and 15×109 t of helium isotopes every year. The amount of the ions of other elements, albeit very small, is nevertheless calculated at hundreds of millions of tons. After they are converted into atoms, they engage in reactions. The generated compounds are ejected by the volcanoes. Meanwhile, owing to this process, the fertility of the soil layer is restored, as well as the productivity of the ocean, and the hydrogen atoms, binding with the carbon, become petroleum and natural gas.