WHAT IS GLOBAL WARMING?
The Paris Climate Change Conference took a peremptory decision – the reason for the global climate warming is the greenhouse gases produced by our civilisation. I do not know the reasons behind the passing of this verdict as the facts provided below prove otherwise. I hope that after you read this text you will be convinced that to consider the problem of global warming without considering any participation of the Earth in the galactic processes is totally devoid of sense. Reality is radically different from the notion of the official science of it. Anyway, let us try to explain whether the originators of the theory of the greenhouse gases had any chance to stop the global climate warming.
It has been established that the Earth’s surface receives from the sunrays energy of 1.4×1021 кJ. If such energy were the motive power of the water cycle in nature, it would in all circumstances be greater than the energy used for one year of water evaporation. Let us check.
The water content in the atmosphere is 9×1016 kg. According to the studies, the annual amount of the Earth’s precipitation exceeds this amount 40 times. Knowing the specific heat of water evaporation – 2,500 kJ/kg, we can calculate the amount of energy used for water evaporation per year:
2500.9.1 016.40 = 9.1021 kJ
Now, let us compare the energy of the sunrays received by the Earth’s surface to the energy spend on evaporation. It appears that the energy of the Sun is 6 times smaller than the energy our planet uses for water evaporation.
Let us assume that all arriving solar energy is reflected by the Earth’s surface, and the greenhouse gases capture and return it. Anyway, no balance is reached again – we are short of energy three times greater than that provided by the Sun. Moreover, everybody knows that our planet, in addition to the water cycle, provides energy to the hurricanes, earthquakes, and volcano eruptions, and maintains an average temperature not of -160С, but of +160С. It appears that not only the Kyoto Protocol, but also the decisions of the Paris conference on the climate changes are wrong. Everybody knows that the heating of the liquids is done only as a result of convective heat transfer, and to this end the heat source has to be under and not over the water surface. Therefore, the sunrays have nothing in common with the increase in the temperature of the World Ocean water. What heats it then?
To answer this question, we will turn to Antarctica for assistance. More than 1,000 km3 of ice are deposited on its surface every year. The larger part of it returns to the ocean, but 400 km3 are added to the existing ice cap of the continent every year. The level of the ocean should be continuously decreasing, but it appears that in the past century it increased by 18 cm. In addition, so much ice has accumulated in Antarctica that if it should thaw one day, the level of the World Ocean will rise by 60 metres. Consequently, to preserve the existing ocean levels, the water volume has to increase by 500 km3 each year. However, water does not fly from space, something has to produce it on the Earth. Yes, but to produce so much water, there should be 56 billion tons of hydrogen to participate in a reaction with the oxygen. To cut a long story short, we do not even suspect that in the bowels of the planet there burns the eternal fire which burns two thousand tons of hydrogen every second. Geologists claim that there are no hydrogen deposits in the ground, but the atmospheric physics specialists are certain – every year 100,000 tons of hydrogen and 1,600 tons of helium leave our planet.
The explanation of all these peculiarities is the Sun, or more precisely the solar wind which continuously blows our planet. A study of the lines of the solar spectrum gives us an idea of the amount of elements in the solar wind stream. This is hydrogen 81%, helium 18%, oxygen 0.03%, magnesium 0.02%, nitrogen 0.01%, silicon 0.006%, carbon 0.003%, iron 0.0008, calcium 0.0003, etc. With rare exceptions to the end of Mendeleev’s periodic table. As a result of thermal ionisation, they have converted into high-energy ions and electrons. The hydrogen, which is actually the main component of the solar wind, is represented by a single proton, and helium is present in it as an alpha particle.
This is explained in detail in the article Transformation of the Charged Particles from the Solar Wind into Atoms. The Earth’s magnetic field, by means of the Lorentz force, captures the charged particles and makes them move towards the magnetic poles of the planet in spirals past the lines of force of the magnetic field. The electrons spiralling anticlockwise head for the North Magnetic Pole, and the ions spiralling clockwise – to the South one. The velocity of movement of the ions is 1-2 million km/h, and that of the electrons is ten times bigger. The nature of their movement changes abruptly in the regions of the magnetic poles. Since the lines of force there become perpendicular to the Earth’s surface, the ions and electrons actually start moving against each other. As a result, according to Coulomb’s Law, they are subject to the impact of an enormous force of mutual attraction of particles with opposite charges.
An exceptionally emotional account of the action of this force was given by Yakov Il’ich Frenkel – one of the 20th century’s prominent physicists: “If we mentally extract the protons and the electrons out of 1 g of hydrogen and place them at a distance equal to the diameter of the Earth /13,000 km/, the force of mutual attraction between them will decrease, but nevertheless will remain equal to 10,000 kg.“ Under the influence of this insurmountable force, which in addition increases in inverse proportion to the distance between them raised to the second power, they start moving towards each other at a speed equal to the speed of light.
Penetrating the Earth’s mantle, both the ions and the electrons preserve their nature of movement. As a result, they actually form in the Earth’s mantle loops of a gigantic solenoid, в in which the Earth’s core plays the role of a ferromagnetic core. The poles of the solenoid constituted by the electrons coincide with the poles of the Earth’s magnetic field. For this reason, in parallel to the increase in the solar activity grows the induction of the magnetic field of the northern hemisphere. In the southern hemisphere things are different. Although the direction of the solenoid loops is preserved, the ions form a magnetic field which is inverse to the Earth’s field. This is the reason behind the decrease in the induction of the magnetic field in the southern hemisphere.
When the ions and the electrons draw near, they form atoms. At that moment, the enormous energy provided to them by the Sum in the process of ionisation is released in the form of heat. Simultaneously, the pressure also rises explosively. The reason for this is simple – the volume of newly-formed atoms is trillion times greater than the cumulative volume of the ion and the electron. These two processes are the real reason for both the good and bad events in the history of Planet Earth.
The Tunguska event showed in an exceptionally demonstrative and rather impressive way the conversion of the charged particles and atoms happening in the Earth’s mantle. Of course, there were explosions and imposing spectacular light effects, but neither fragments of the gigantic meteoroid were found, nor a reasonable explanation of the event was given. The latter could not be provided, as to understand its logic, one has to be familiar with one specific aspect of the process of capture of the charged particles of the solar wind by the Earth’s magnetic field.
As we have already specified, the Earth’s magnetic field captures the charged particles and sends them to the magnetic poles. However, this process has a special feature. The tangential component of the Lorentz force, which is its motive force, in the region of the equator of the proton radiation belt is equal to zero. The ions continue to be caught, but as they can go neither left nor right, they accumulate in this zone, revolving around the force lines of the magnetic field. Meanwhile, the electrons which have gone through the Earth’s mantle, with the help of the lightning, are transferred to the cloud layer and accumulate there. At some point, the Coulomb force makes both the ions and the electrons rush towards each other. Their meeting and conversion into atoms happens in the ionosphere, for which reason the temperature there is higher by a thousand degrees than in the mesosphere located below it. The electrons, going through the stratosphere, excite the atoms of the atmospheric gases. As a result, there form “jets”, “sprites” and “elves”.
In the case of the Tunguska event, we can claim with a large extent of certainty that the events unfolded in the following manner. At a certain point, the cumulative positive charge of the ions accumulated in the radiation belt exceeded the critical value and they went downwards without waiting for the exit of the electrons from the mantle. That is why the collision of ions with electrons and the recombination of the ions started as early as in the stratosphere. It was accompanied by bright light and ended in an incredibly powerful explosion. There is nothing strange in that as the heat released in the formation of the atoms increased their temperature to 30,000К, and the volume of the forming atoms instantly became trillions of times greater than the volume of the arriving ions. The formed hydrogen and helium atoms flew into space космоса, and as the mass of the solid substance in the “meteorite” comprised only 0.07 – 0.08% of the mass of the arrived ions, it becomes clear why the Tunguska event “meteorite” has not been found to date.