Sun spots and global warming
Everything will all fall into place when we realise that the Universe is a living organism in which every participant has a certain circle of obligations. Ultimately, only a living organism can give birth to new celestial luminaries from the dust of the exploded stars.
The stars consist of hydrogen, which in the Sun is about 80%. Another 18% of the volume of our star is comprised by helium, and the rest of it is oxygen, carbon, silicon, iron, magnesium, nitrogen and other atoms. However, in the stars these elements exist not in the form of atoms, but in the form of a cocktail of ions and electrons, called plasma – the monstrous temperature of the star removes the negatively charged electrons from the atoms and converts the very atoms into positively charged ions. The hydrogen atom turns into a proton, and the helium atom – into an alpha particle.
At the end of their life some of the stars turn into Supernovas and start shining with the brightness of an entire galaxy. Radiation in the colour range soon discontinues, but the leakage of charged particles into the surrounding space continues for tens of thousands of years. And as nothing dies in nature, the entire plasma of the dead star is captured by other stars.
The charged particles fly at thousands of kilometres per second but due to the colossal size of the interstellar space their journey lasts for thousands and even tens of thousands of years. For that period of time their temperature drops from millions of degrees to almost the absolute zero (about -2700С) and in this form they arrive at the point of destination – the other stars. The powerful magnetic fields of the stars attract the particles into them. When the particles go through the photospheres of the stars, they cool them and as a result dark spots appear on the surface of the stars.
It takes hydrogen for a new star to be born, but in nature there is no free hydrogen. Consequently, the protons of the dead star should be given the opportunity to recombine with the electrons which have been removed during the thermal ionization. To this end, they only need to be brought closer. Then one of the greatest micro-world miracles occurs – an electric arc lights up and an atom is born in the flame. This is exactly what happens in the bowels of the stars which have captured the plasma of the dead star. Although the life of the new atoms is very short (at a temperature of over 30,000 К gases can exist only in the form of plasma), they manage to do a lot.
First, at the moment of conversion of the charged particles into atoms the energy spent by their native star on ionization is released in the form of heat. Second, as the volume of the formed hydrogen atom is 3×1012 times larger than the total volume of the proton and the electron, the pressure in the star’s bowels also increases 3×1012 times. After certain time the atoms again turn into plasma, but before that they manage to increase the temperature and pressure in the stars’ bowels to a critical level. This leads to a blast and solar plasma ejection into the interstellar space.
Why does this happen? Because the charged particles need to reach to the planets which not only can turn them into atoms, but also continue to accumulate the formed gases in their bowels. Of course, not all planets, only those that have magnetic fields: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and the Earth. With the help of the power lines of their magnetic fields, they capture the charged particles from the solar wind and direct them to their bowels. Electric arcs of short circuits between ions and electrons flash there and in their flames the charged particles turn into atoms.
As mentioned previously, during the recombination of the atoms the energy used for their ionization is released in the form of heat. As a result, the total amount of energy, received by the planet, becomes at least twice as much as the energy, sent by the solar rays. This leads to warming of the climate and to increasing of the earthquakes and hurricanes. But if this process didn’t exist, our planet would be a copy of Mars – a dead adornment in the sky with average temperature of -160С. It is not the greenhouse effect, but the heat that is emitted in the atomic synthesis that increases its average temperature to +150С.
Unfortunately, each period of such prosperity ends with a global catastrophe. When the Solar System in its perpetual motion approaches the place of birth of the new star, the pressure of the accumulated gases tears the envelope of the planet and together with a piece of the Earth’s crust they fly into space. There hydrogen initially turns into drops of liquid, and in the subsequent cooling – in bluish crystals. In this form it joins some of the interstellar nebulae, which will inevitably turn into a place of birth of a new star cluster. The Earth’s crust then shrinks as a ball that is burst and the water of the oceans floods the continents. The incoming heat from the Earth’s mantle discontinues and the next ice age occurs.
This is what, it seems, the Mayans meant when they spoke of the End of the World. Naturally, they were wrong by several decades, but I fail to understand how they came to think of this regularity at all. But were they really wrong, or another factor interfered? The answer to that is provided by the solar activity graphs.
1955 marked the beginning of such a powerful cycle sequence that had never existed in the entire history of their registration. It would surely have caused a global catastrophe had it not been stopped. Higher intelligence (let us call thus the Thing we do not understand) gives us the last chance to change our fate. Whether we will take advantage of it, it will depend solely on us.
By the way, the periodic changes in the Earth’s biosphere as a result of global cataclysms were observed by Gorges Cuvier himself. The students of the great paleontologist arrived at the conclusion that the Earth has survived 28 similar cycles so far. Now we are in the middle of the 29th.
A detailed description of this process, as well as a description of the possibility to avoid the tragic ending, can be found in my book “In the limbo of the global catastrophe”, published in Sofia by Kameya publishing house in 2011. Here we are going to consider only one of its parts – the planet’s lightning activity.